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Egypt is a mature oil & gas producer having long history in Hydrocarbon Exploration & Production for more than a century. However, the Mediterranean Sea, Nile Delta and North Sinai are still underexplored basins with anticipated large volumes of hydrocarbon resources especially within the Pre-Messinian deeper targets.

In the early sixties, exploration for gas was started in the Mediterranean, Nile Delta and Western Desert with major activities leading to the discovery of an outstanding number of gas fields. The first gas field (Abu Madi Field) was discovered onshore Nile Delta in 1967. This was followed, in 1969, by the discovery of the Abu Qir gas field offshore Mediterranean Sea. The discovered gas potential of these fields encouraged the spread of exploration activities onshore Nile Delta, offshore Mediterranean Sea (Shallow Water) and onshore Western Desert.

The Offshore Mediterranean Deep Water was initially explored in 1975, with the intensive campaign started in 1995. The exploration activities offshore Mediterranean and onshore Nile Delta, till present day, resulted in the acquisition of more than 130100 sq. km (113967 offshore + 16133 onshore) of 3D seismic data and 133305 line-km of 2D seismic lines as well as the drilling of 653 wells. Accordingly, more gas fields were discovered with substantial potential leading to the increase of Egypt’s gas reserves. The continuous growth of gas reserves is accomplished, mainly, by the intensive exploration campaigns and the extensive use of state-of-the-art technologies. Recently, the exploration activities are focused on the Pre-Messinian deep targets (Miocene & Oligocene).